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Foundation :: Spacecraft Design and Space Missions :: SATRAD


Saturn Radiation Model

SATRAD image for home page Moderators:
Henry Garrett

source code available SOURCE CODE AVAILABLE

The Saturnian radiation belts have not received as much attention as the Jovian radiation belts because they are not nearly as intense—the famous Saturnian particle rings tend to deplete the belts near where their peak would occur. As a result, there has not been a systematic development of engineering models of the Saturnian radiation environment for mission design.

A primary exception is that of Divine (1990). That study used published data from several charged particle experiments aboard the Pioneer 11, Voyager 1, and Voyager 2 spacecraft during their flybys at Saturn to generate numerical models for the electron and proton radiation belts between 2.3 and 13 Saturn radii. The Divine Saturn radiation model described the electron distributions at energies between 0.04 and 10 MeV and the proton distributions at energies between 0.14 and 80 MeV. The model was intended to predict particle intensity, flux, and fluence for the Cassini orbiter. Divine carried out hand calculations using the model but never formally developed a computer program that could be used for general mission analyses.

SATRAD seeks to fill that void by formally developing a FORTRAN version of the model that can be used as a computer design tool for missions to Saturn that require estimates of the radiation environment around the planet. The results of that effort and the program listings are presented here along with comparisons with the original estimates carried out by Divine. In addition, Pioneer and Voyager data were scanned in from the original references and compared with the FORTRAN model’s predictions. The results were statistically analyzed in a manner consistent with Divine’s approach to provide estimates of the ability of the model to reproduce the original data.

Results of a formal review of the model by a panel of experts are also presented. Their recommendations for further tests, analyses, and extensions to the model are discussed.

Copyright 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Caltech/Jet Propulsion Laboratory
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